Amartya Sen (b. 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in the United Kingdom and the United States. He is currently a Thomas W. Lamont University Professor, and Professor of Economics and Philosophy at Harvard University. He formerly served as Master of Trinity College at the University of Cambridge. In recognition of his work in welfare economics, Sen was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1998 and India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, in 1999. The German Publishers and Booksellers Association awarded him the 2020 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade for his pioneering scholarship that addresses issues of global justice and combating social inequality in education and healthcare.