Mu Cao was born in Henan Province, China, in 1974. He has no diplomas, is not a member of the Chinese Writers’ Association, and publishes almost entirely outside of official channels. He has been described as a ‘folk poet’ and a ‘voice from the bottom of Chinese society’. His avant-garde novels, poetry collections and short story collections include In the Face of Death We Are Equal, The Transsexual Age, A Treasured Book of Sunflowers, Selected Poems of Mu Cao, and Scream of a Hundred Lan Yus. He lives in Zhengzhou, Henan Province.